Central Administration - Rio Claro,SP - Brazil





Guidelines to authors


Scope of the Journal


Revista Brasileira de Ecologia (Brazilian Journal of Ecology), published by the Sociedade de Ecologia do Brasil (Ecology Society of Brazil), is intended for publication of original research papers, research notes and, occasionally, reviews, covering all aspects of Ecology.


 Submitting manuscripts


Submission of manuscript to Brazilian Journal of Ecology is understood to imply that it has not previously been published (except in an abstract form) and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere.

All manuscripts should be typewritten in English or Portuguese, and submitted in triplicate to the Editors of Journal of the Ecology Society of Brazil. Names and addresses are cited in the front part of this issue.


 Publication of a manuscripts

Manuscripts are accepted for publication only after they are critically reviewed. After review, the manuscript will be returned to the nominated author for revision according to suggestions made by reviewers.

The corresponding author may except to hear from the Editor within

8-12 weeks after submission of a manuscript, as to its acceptability for publication. All manuscripts are sent to two referees for their review and recommendations. The Editor and/ or Associate Editors make the final decision on acceptance or rejection.

The author is notified when a manuscript is received and also when it is accepted or rejected for publication. On acceptance of the paper, the nominated author will be requested to send the text on a computer diskette. Gallery proofs will be sent to the author for correction. They should be checked carefully and handled promptly (5 days) according to instructions, which are attached.

Membership of Ecology Society of Brazil is a prerequisite for acceptance of manuscript for publication.

Brazilian Journal of Ecology assumes no responsibility for errors made by the authors. This Journal assumes no responsibility for conclusions reached by the authors.


Types of papers


The copies should be types written, with 25-mm margins on all sides, double-spaced, on one side of the paper (33 x 24 cm or 28 x 21 cm). Authors are strongly encouraged to submit their manuscripts on IBM PC compatible personal computer diskettes (3.5") together with its printed version. These may be HD/DD, Microsoft Word for Windows.

The research paper reports results of original research, which have not been published elsewhere. It consists of 12 to 15 double space type written or computer – written pages plus appropriate references, Tables and Figures.

They should contain a 150-200 Word Abstract, Introduction, Material or Patients and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, References and Legend for the Illustrations. A summary with title (Resume) and three to five key words in Portuguese must also be included. They should be designed for printing in a 1-column width. Drawings and Photographs should be numbered and planned for printing in 1 column width. Glossy photographic prints, drawing graphs will be sent scanner. Legends should be separate and not attached to or written on the illustration.

Short Communications: It is a concise account of new and significant findings. Preliminary reports and letters to the Editor:

It should be written according to the guidelines given for research papers but without the heading divisions. It's abstract and resume ( in Portuguese ) should not exceed 50 words. Figures and tables should be restricted to a maximum of two figures or two tables, or one table and one figure. The designation "short communication" will appear above the title of this type of paper. The author should specify that this manuscript is a short communication.

Review Articles of interest of ecology. They should be presented in the same format as full paper, except that it should not be divided into sections such as Introduction, Material and Methods and others It should, however, contain and Abstract of 50 – words and in Portuguese (Resume).


Organization of Manuscripts




  1. All manuscripts should be typed double-spaced in Word for Windows 3.1 or program more recent, with wide margins and the pages should be numbered sequentially.
  2. Research papers should be restricted to 15 printed pages, including Figures and Tables. Short Communications should be restricted to 6 printed pages.
  3. To this time all manuscripts should be submitted written in English or Portuguese but in the future, only in English.
  4. Tabulation : 0,5cm. Words: Times New Roman. Title 11 and text 10.
  5. Author (e.g. Peter M. Kohn) and title ( e.g. Production of...).
  6. Figures will be scannered and insert together with legend in text sequence. All figures or tables will be sent when they are cited in the text (in diskette).
  7. The topics should be typed in capital letters (e.g. ABSTRACTS, INDRODUCTION, etc ).
  8. Abbreviations of terms and symbols follow the recommendation of the IUPAC – IUB Commission and Metric Systems in to be used throughout.
  9. Authors of accepted papers would be requested to send a 3" ½ diskette containing the text prepared in P.C. based word processor (single space).

Title Page: A separate page should be used to give the title of the paper, complete name (including first name and middle initial) and affiliation of each author> An asterisk should be placed after the name of the author to whom correspondence about the paper should be sent. The telephone and fax number of this author should be given in the bottom of the page. No text of the manuscript should appear on the title page.

The title should be as brief as possible, contain no abbreviations and be truly indicative of the subject of the paper. Expressions such as "Effects of ", "Influence of", "Studies on", etc, should be avoided. Care should be exercised in preparing the title since it is used in literature retrieval systems.


Abstract: The abstract should be typed in a separate page and should not exceed 250 words. It should summarize the basic contents of the paper. The abstracts should be meaningful without having to read the remainder of the paper. Abstracts should not contain references, tables or unusual abbreviations. Abstracts are reprinted by abstracting journals and hence will be read by persons who do not have access to the entire paper. Hence the abstract must be prepared with great care. Three to five key words should also be included.


Resume: Resume in the abstract written in Portuguese. Its preparation should follow the same recommendations for the abstract in English. The resume should also contain a title in Portuguese. The rules for the title in Portuguese are the same for the title in English (see above). Three to five key words (palavras chaves) have also to be included.

The resume and the title in Portuguese should also typed in a separate page.


Introduction: The introduction should begin on a new page and provide the reader with sufficient information so that results reported in the paper can properly evaluated without referring to the literature. However, the introduction should not be an extensive review of the literature. The introduction should also give the rationale for and objectives of the study that is being reported.


Material and Methods: This section should provide enough information for other investigators to repeat the work. Repetition of details of procedures, which have already been published elsewhere, should be avoided. If a published method is modified, such modification(s) must be described in the paper. Sources of reagents, culture media and equipment (company, city, state, and country) should be mentioned in the text. Names that are registered trademarks should be so indicated . Subheading often makes this section easier to read and understand.


Results: This section should, by means of text, tables and /or figures, give the results of the experiments. If a Discussion section is to be included, avoid extensive interpretation of results but do so in the Discussion section. When the Results and Discussion are combined. Then results should be discussed where, in the text, it is most appropriate. Tables should be numbered independently of the figures using Arabic numerals. All tables and figures must be mentioned in the text. The approximate location of tables and figures in the text should be indicated.


Discussion: The discussion should provide an interpretation of the results in relation to know information.


Acknowledgments: This section is optional and follows the Discussion. It acknowledges financial and personal assistance.


References: Arrange the references in alphabetical order, by last name of the author. All authors must be cited.

Number the references consecutively. Cite each reference in the text by its number. Journal names should be abbreviated according to the style of Biological Abstracts or Chemical Abstracts. All references given in the list should be cited in the text and all references mentioned in the text must be included in the list. List references according to the style shown in the following examples.


a. Paper in a journal

Campos, L.C.; Whittam , T.S.; Gomes, T.A.T.; Andrade, J.R.C.; Trabulsi, L.R. Escherichia coli serogroup 0111 includes several clones of diarrheagenic strains with different virulence properties. Infect. Immun., 62: 3282-3288, 1994.


b. Paper or chapter in a book

Salati, E.; Tauk-Tornisielo, S.M. Ecology in: Campos, F.M.; Sachs, B.; Muska, K.G. (eds). General Ecology. Mapples Deker, Los Angeles, 1995, p.361-377.


c. Book by author(s)

Salyers, A. A.; Whritt , D.D. Bacterial pathogenesis. A molecular approach. ASM, Washington, 1994, 418p.


d. Patent

Hussong, R.V.; Marth, E.H.; Vakaleris, D.G. Manufacture of cottage cheese. U.S. Pat. 3,117,870. Jan. 14, 1964.


e. Thesis

Soave, R.C.F. Aspectos ambientais da mineração de Calcário no município de Rio Claro. Rio Claro, 1990, 237 p (Ph.D. Thesis, Instituto de Geociências e Ciências Exatas, UNESP).


f. Publication with no identifiable author or editor

Anonymous. The economy of by-products. Álcool Alcoolquim., 2;33-40, 1985.


g. Communications in events (Symposia, conferences, etc)

Simão, G.S.; Silva J.; Toledo, A. S.; Gontijo Filho, P.P. Microbactérias não tuberculosas isoladas de pacientes com síndrome de imunodeficiência adquirida. XVII Congresso Brasileiro de Microbiologia, Santos, 1993, p.41.

References citing "personal communication" or "unpublished data" are discouraged, although it is recognized that sometimes they must be used. In these cases, they should be cited in the text and not in the list of references.

References consisting of papers that are "accepted for publication or "in press" are acceptable. However, references of papers that are "submitted" or "in preparation" are not acceptable.



Tables should not be included in the text. Each Table must be typed in a separate page and numbered sequentially with an Arabic number. The title of a Table should be placed in the top of in the top of it and should be brief but fully descriptive of the information in the Table. Headings and subheadings should be concise with columns and rows of data carefully centered below them.



Arabic numbers should be used for numbering the Figures. Data in Tables should not be repeated in Figures. The legend of the Figures should be placed in the bottom of them.


Photographs and line drawings

Only those photographs, which are strictly necessary for the understanding of the paper, should be submitted. Photo prints must be of sufficient quality to ensure good reproduction. They should be numbered on the back and identified with the nominated author’s name. Legends of line drawings and photographs should not exceed the printing area. All elements in the drawings should be prepared to withstand reductions. Drawings and line figures should be drawn in black ink on tracing paper and should prepared as indicated for the photographs. Colored illustrations are not accepted.




Fifteen reprints of each paper will be mailed to the nominated author, free of charge Additional reprints will be billed at cost price if requested upon returning the corrected galley proofs.